”Fieldwork, unlike archaeological excavation, can be undertaken either by individuals or groups. Projects carried out by small groups an be particularly rewarding, since te different viewpoints and interests of each person can throw light on features which may be only superficially recorded or even missed by an individual, and at the same time relatively large areas of ground may be covered.”
Aston M. & Rowley, T., (1974) “Landscape Archaeology”, p. 28
Archaeological Fieldwork is divided into four main stages: Pre-Field Visits, Preliminary Fieldwork, Detailed Fieldwork and Historical Research.
The Pre-Field Visits are necessary to get a good overall knowledge of the chosen area, which will be essential in planning the next stages of the work.
The Preliminary Fieldwork involves the checking of every known, or suspected feature in the area. This is essential in planning the Detailed Fieldwork.
The Detailed Fieldwork is when the detailed recording takes place: written records, plans and photographs.
On completion of the Detailed Fieldwork, we then move into the Historical Research on the various features that were examined. Only when this is accomplished can we consider publication of the results.
The four stages of fieldwork are discussed in detail in the following pages.
Please note that it is the policy of the EMAS Archaeological Society that all fieldwork carried out by its members must conform to the CBA Standards and Guidance in Archaeological Practice.
Next: Pre-Field Visits